City of Belgrade
Belgrade is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans.
The medieval town of singidunum, which has been known by the Slavic name of Belgrade since 878, was built at the site where the Belgrade Fortress and the Kalemegdan park are situated today, above the place where Sava flows into the Danube. Because of this position, Belgrade is fittingly referred to as the Gateway to the Balkans and the Door to Central Europe.
Geographically, Belgrade comprises three areas: the Old Town on the right bank of the Sava and Danube, New Belgrade on the left bank of the Sava, and Zemun on the banks of the Danube beyond New Belgrade.
Belgrade is the capital and the largest city of Serbia. The city has a population of 1.23 million, while over 1.65 million people live in its metro area (which encompasses administrative limits of City of Belgrade). However, around 4 million people commute through Belgrade every day.
Sience & Culture
Belgrade is also the capital of Serbian culture, education and science. It is home to the highest concentration of nationally important science and art institutions: the Serbian Acadamy of Science and Art, founded in 1886 as the Serbian Royal Acadamy; the National Library of Serbia, founded in 1832; the National Museum; founded in 1841 and the National Theatre, founded in 1869. The city is also home to Belgrade University, founded in 1869 as the High School, as well as the Arts University.
Belgrade is one of the oldest towns in Europe. It has a 7000-year-history and the oldes archeological findings date back to 5th millenium AD. The Slavs crossed the Danube in increasing numbers during the 6th century and permanently settled in this area, erecting their settlement - the White City- on a rocky outcrop rising above the mouth of Sava. Between the 16th and the 19th centuries, Belgrade was called by many names in different languages: Alba Graeca, Alba Bulgarica, Bello Grado, Nandor Alba, Griechisch Weissenburg and Castelbianco, all of which are translations of the slavic word Beograd. The name Belgrade was mentioned for the first time in 878. Due to its auspicious geographic position, it was exposed to numerous invaders and was under the influence of many civillizations, such as those of the Celts, the Thracians, the Romans, the Huns, the Goths, the Byzantines, the Hungarians or the Turks. As many as the 40 armies have conquered Belgrade and as many as 38 times it rose again from the ashes.
The official language is Serbian, a southern Skavic language similar to Serbo-Croations, Slovenian, Macedonian and Bulagrian. The official alphabets are Cyrillic and Latin. Visitors from abroad can use English to communicate.
Currency & Coinage
The official currency of the country is the Serbian Dinar (RSD). The rate is around 120 Dinar for 1 Euro.
Dinar coins: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20
Dinar bills: 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000
Foreign currencies can be exchanged at Banks, at the airport or the Exchange Offices. All major credit cards are widely accepted in Republic of Serbia (VISA, MasterCard, Maestro, American Express).
Belgrade and Serbia are in the CET (Central European Time) zone, same as most of Europe (excluding Britain, Portigal, Romania and Greece) -UTC+1. In summer the Daylight Saving Time (DST) moves it to CEST -UTC+2.
Climate & weather
Belgrade has a moderate continental climate, with four seasons and uniformly spread precipitation. The month of October has average temperatures between 18 and 15 degrees Celcius.
As in most cities of Continental Europe, the electricity voltage in Belgrade is 220V.
Tap water in Belgrade is safe to drink. There are also plenty bottled water brands offering regular, mildly carbonated or highly carbonated water.
Most shops and grocery stores work usually from 8 AM to 9 or 10 PM, but there are others that work 24h. Large shopping malls are open from 10 am until 10 PM for business days and weekends too. Green markets work from 6 AM to 7 PM. Banks and offices have a standard 9 AM to 5 PM working hours. Most of them have ATMs (cash machines).